Fatiguearfin ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfe na ƙarfe daga Shandong Derunying yana da matukar damuwa da abubuwa daban-daban na waje da na ciki, inda abubuwan waje suka haɗa da sura, girma, santsi a fuska, da yanayin sabis ko makamancin sassan, kuma abubuwan ciki sun haɗa da abun da ke ciki, rubutu, tsarki, sauran damuwa da sauransu na kayan da kanta. Changesananan canje-canje na waɗannan abubuwan zasu haifar da hawa da sauka ko ma mahimmancin bambanci cikin gajiyawar aikin kayan.

Tasirin abubuwan akan ƙarfin gajiya wani muhimmin al'amari ne na binciken gajiya. Wannan binciken zai taimaka kwarai da gaske wajen tsara sifofin sassan da suka dace, zabar ingantattun kayan aikin bututun karfe da kuma kirkirar dabaru masu aiki da sanyi da zafi, hakan zai tabbatar da gajiyawar sassan sosai.

1. Tasirin yawan damuwa
A al'ada, ana samun ƙarfin gajiya ta hanyar aunawa ta amfani da ingantaccen samfurin santsi. Koyaya, ƙididdiga daban-daban, kamar matakai, maɓallan hanyoyi, zaren, da ramin mai da sauransu, babu makawa suna cikin ainihin sassan inji. Kasancewar waɗannan ƙididdigar suna haifar da tsananin damuwa, wanda ke sanya matsakaicin matsin lamba a cikin tushen ƙwarewar ya fi ƙarfin damuwar da ɓangaren ke ɗauka, kuma galibi yana farawa gajiyawar ɓangaren.

Mahimmancin ƙaddamar da ƙarfin damuwa Kt: rabo daga matsakaicin matsin lamba na ainihi zuwa matsin lamba na ainihi a tushen ƙididdigar da aka samu bisa ga ka'idar roba a ƙarƙashin kyakkyawan yanayi na roba.

Ingantaccen danniya mai ƙarfi coefficient (ko gajiya danniya maida hankali coefficient) Kf: a rabo daga gajiya iyaka σ-1 na wani m samfurin zuwa gajiya iyaka σ-1n na daraja samfurin.
Coarfafa ƙarfin haɓakar ƙarfin damuwa yana tasiri ba kawai ta hanyar girman da fasalin ɓangaren ba, har ma da kaddarorin jiki na kayan, sarrafawa, maganin zafi da sauran abubuwan.

Stresswayar ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙaruwa yana ƙaruwa tare da ƙwarewar ƙwarewa, amma yawanci ya fi ƙanƙanta da daidaitaccen ƙimar daidaituwa ƙimar daidaituwa.
Iguearfin ƙwarewar ƙwarewar ƙarfin ƙ q: ƙwarewar ƙwarewar ƙwarewar ƙarfin gajiya yana nuna ƙwarewar kayan abu zuwa ƙimar ƙarfin gajiya kuma ana lasafta shi ta hanyar mai zuwa.
Tsarin bayanai na q shine 0-1, kuma karami shine q, mafi ƙarancin mahimmanci shine ƙarancin bututun ƙarfe mara ƙarfe zuwa sanarwa. Gwaje-gwajen sun nuna cewa q ba abu ne na zahiri ba, kuma har yanzu yana da alaƙa da ƙimar girma; q yana da alaƙa da ƙwarewa kawai lokacin da ƙimar radius ya fi girma fiye da wani ƙimar, darajar radius ta bambanta da abubuwa daban-daban ko matsayin aiki.

2. Tasirin girma
Saboda yanayin bambancin launin fata da lahani na kayan, ƙaruwar girma zai faɗaɗa yuwuwar lalacewar abu, don haka rage iyawar gajiya ta kayan. Kasancewar tasirin girman abu ne mai mahimmanci yayin amfani da bayanan gajiya da aka samu ta hanyar auna ƙananan samfurin a cikin dakin binciken zuwa ɓangaren ainihin girman. Ba shi yiwuwa a cika gaba ɗaya kuma kwatankwacin wakiltar damuwa, ɗan gajiyar damuwa ko makamantansu ta ɓangaren ainihin girman, don haka sakamakon dakin gwaje-gwaje da gazawar gajiya na wasu takamaiman ɓangarorin suna haɗuwa da juna.

3. Tasirin matsayin aiki a farfajiya
Alamar kayan aikin da ba ta dace ba koyaushe suna wanzuwa a saman mashin ɗin. Waɗannan alamomin suna daidai da ƙananan ƙanana waɗanda ke haifar da tsananin damuwa akan saman kayan, kuma zai rage ƙarfin gajiya na kayan. Gwaje-gwaje sun nuna cewa, don ƙarfe da ƙarfen alloy, ƙarancin gajiya na aiki mai wuya (juyawa mai juyawa) ya ƙasa da na ƙarancin gogewa mai tsayi da 10% -20% ko fiye. Mafi girma shine ƙarfin kayan, mafi ƙwarewar shine santsi a saman.


Post lokaci: Aug-06-2020